Research

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  • Design and developing software for prediction modeling of PVT for N.I.O.C.
  • Simulation of wells and using prediction modeling for finding new wells and Enhance Oil Recovery  in Darquain  Oil Field.
  • Investigation of simulation of performance of gas injection in casing of fahlian in Darquain Oil Field.
  • Optimization of Production from Darquain Oil Field regarding to its Rock and Fluid Properties.
  • Basic design of pilot for converting plastic wastes and polymers into naphtha.
  • Converting natural gas into oil condensates and middle distillate products.
  • Selective separation SO2 of outlet gas of stacks in cat cracker, SRP and acidification units.
  • Implement pilot plant of catalytic process of converting heavy vacuum bottom into middle distillate product and naphtha with 1 ton/day capacity.
  • Investigation and prediction of decreasing pressure effects on jourasic wells to gas feedstock in razi petrochemical.
  • Scrubber monitoring in gas stations (10 stations) and analysis of results and recommendation for improve of performance at all of them.
  • Experimental investigation of selective plugging process with microbiology methodin oil reservoirs.
  • Production of software for analysis of fluid characterization in reservoir (PVT).
  • Determining suitable acid for acidizing operation in reservoir of shourijeh sand stone.
  • Simulation of wells and using prediction modeling for finding new wells and Enhance Oil Recovery  in ferdosi  Oil Field.
  • Experimental studies and physical simulation and software modeling for determination of The most appropriate method to wells acidizing in hydrocarbory fields of Iran.

Gas & Hydrogen

capoten dosage Misawa Integrated solutions to monetize your gas resources

Natural gas is expected to become the second-largest source of energy in the world by 2035. With growing demand, the industry needs innovative solutions to efficiently process gas reserves and capture valuable natural gas liquids. As a global leader in gas processing technologies, ASH has helped our customers meet the demand for natural gas for more than 60 years. From pre-engineered modular units to highly integrated, multiple technology operations, our gas processing solutions focus on contaminant removal and natural gas liquids recovery to help maximize the value of your gas streams.

1 card blackjack Mayenne Project Experience

ASH is the global leader in gas processing. Explore our project experience in the U.S. by clicking on the Project Experience Interactive map. Choose a natural gas reserve site to see what we’ve done for our .

Petrochemicals

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http://mediamax.org/24707-mankind-ivermectin-253/ Meet growing demand, increase product revenue, improve processing efficiency and utilize alternate feedstocks

Worldwide petrochemical growth continues to be strong, particularly in developing economies. ASH’s industry leading technologies provide solutions to meet this demand for Aromatics, Olefins, and LAB. Today’s producers face the challenges of processing, energy efficiency and feedstock availability. Plants are getting larger, putting pressures on capital investment, on-stream reliability, and product quality. ASH is focusing on these issues while exploring refining/petrochemical integration and alternate feedstocks routes. We also support existing producers with revamps and catalyst/adsorbent replacements to improve efficiency and maintain competitiveness.

 

 

 

 

o que significa sonho de namoro Aromatics – Optimize production through integrated solutions.

casino online win real money Aromatic Derivatives – Efficiently transform aromatics into value-added intermediates.

Cesson-Sévigné gabapentin use in humans Olefins – Success through innovation to expand your complex and increase value.

http://pulsesystems.com.au/19-cat/casino_2.html Detergents – Next generation LAB processes lower costs for a better bottom line.

Refining

Meet changing product demand, achieve quality specifications and maximize use of existing assets

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Our know-how and experience in refining are reflected in an industry leading portfolio of technology, catalysts, adsorbents, equipment and services. This breadth, combined with our unique capabilities in configuration planning and optimization, bring bottom-line profits to your specific refining situation. Whether it’s meeting diesel demand in developing economies, responding to octane needs and diesel sulfur reduction, upgrading heavy fuel oil, or maximizing profits from underutilized assets, let ASH find your unique solution.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Refinery Projects – Plan, Optimize and Implement Refinery Projects

Gas & LPG Treating – Efficient Mercaptan Extraction.

Gasoline – High octane fuels are our business.

Diesel and Jet – Meet growing diesel demand.

Vacuum Gas Oil (VGO) Conversion – Conversion is key to profitability.

Residue Upgrading – Consider black oil alternatives.

Petrochemical Integration – Convert byproducts to high-value petrochemicals.

Hydrogen Management – Efficiently meet your production needs.

equipment

Equipment

 

INSTRUMENTS ARVAND SHIMI COMPANY is known as one of the most innovative companiesworld wide developing and manufacturing automatic petroleum testing equipment. ARVAND SHIMI Instruments’ success is based on the development of portable, rugged and easy to operate fuel, oil, chemical and environmental analyzers for accurate quality control in the laboratory and for fast on-site tests in mobile laboratories.

 

The ArvandShimi laboratory and process vapor pressure analyzers are the worldwide accepted standard instruments for the determination of the vapor pressure of gasoline, crude oil and LPG.

L Vapor Pressure Tester
It is the 3rd generation vapor pressure tester for the automatic determination of the vapor pressure of gasoline, gasoline oxygenate blends and crude oil for all vapor pressure standards. The model VPXpert-L is designed for testing low vapor pressures, especially of chemicals and flavors and fragrances.

H Vapor Pressure Tester
It is the worldwide accepted standard instruments for the determination of the vapor pressure of gasoline according to ASTM D 5191, ASTM D 6378 and EN 13016 1+2.

Crude Oil Package for Vapor Pressure Tester
GRABNER INSTRUMENTS’ complete package for the vapor pressure measurement of crude oil according to ASTM D 6377 (Expansion Method).

 

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MINIVAP ON-LINE Process RVP Analyzer
MINIVAP ON-LINE is a unique process vapor pressure analyzer measuring according to the worldwide standard measuring priciple of the MINIVAP VPS. It combines in a single analyser the measurement of the vapor pressure of gasoline (ASTM D 6378), crude oil (ASTM D 6377), LPG and the vapor-liquid ratio (LVR) of gasoline of up to 2 different sample streams.

 

 

 

 

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LPG Vapor Pressure Tester
MINIVAP LPG vapor pressure tester – a stand-alone unit for the automatic vapor pressure determination of liquefied petroleum gas.
 

 

 

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 Vapor Pressure V/L Ratio Tester
MINIVOL LVR vapor pressure tester is an automatic instrument for the determination ofthe vapor-liquid ratio temperature of gasoline.
 

 

The Safety Standard in Flashpoint Testing

The Flashpoint Testing is a uniquely designed flash point tester for the determination of flashpoints of liquids and solids, using the GRABNER INSTRUMENTS flash point detection method of measuring the instantaneous pressure increase inside the continuously closed chamber due to a hot flame. The MINIFLASH flashpoint analyzer series is a new approach to flash point testing. It revolutionizes traditional methods, when it comes to safety, sample volume, speed and instrument size.

 

 

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FLP/H TOUCH Flashpoint Tester

FLP/H TOUCH is the latest addition to the INSTRUMENTS line of portable flashpoint testers and combines all of the field-proven advantages of the Flashpoint MINIFLASH tester line with a new colorful touch screen design, hassle-free communication with USB, Ethernet, LIMS and PCs, user access control, new flashpoint methods and nearly unlimited storage capacity for programs and results.

 

 

 

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FLP / FLPH / FLPL Flashpoint Tester
The MINIFLASH is a uniquely designed flash point tester for the determination of flashpoints of liquids and solids, using the Grabner flash point detection method of measuring the instantaneous pressure increase inside the continuously closed chamber due to a hot flame.

 

 

 

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 FLA / FLAH Flashpoint Tester
With the flash point samplers FLA and FLAH, the manipulation time for 8 different samples is less than 2 minutes.

 

 

Fuel Analyzers

The INSTRUMENTS fuel analyzer series are a truly portable and fully automated FTIR fuel quality tester series that allow a fast and highly precise analysis of gasoline and diesel fuel directly in the field.

 

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IRXpert Fuel Analyzer
First Portable Gasoline and Diesel Analysis with MID- and NEAR-FTIR

 

 

 

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IROX 2000 Gasoline Analyzer

Portable Gasoline Analysis with MID-FTIR

 

 

 

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IROX DIESEL analyzer

Portable Diesel Analysis with MID-FTIR

 

 

 

Portable and Automatic Distillation Tester
The mini-distillation analyzer is a minituarized and fully automated atmospheric distillation analyzer for gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel and solvents. The portable and rugged size as well as the use of disposable metal cups instead of glass flasks also makes it the ideal field tester.

 

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automatic distillation analyzer
Portable and automatic Mini-Distillation analyzer

 

Automatic & Dynamic Viscometer 
The small and automated viscometer series is the ideal solution for the fast measurement of the dynamic and kinematic viscosity of all kinds of Newtonian liquids

 

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 Grease Tester
Flow-Pressure of Lubricating Greases according to Kesternich (DIN 51805)

 

 

 

PILOT PLANT FOR CAPTURE of SO2 and CO2

Sulfur dioxide from a simulated flue gas was solely absorbed in our experimental  set  up. The  employed  range  of  2000 ppm to  9600  ppm  of  SO2 was  attempted  separately with industrial ratios of flue gas to absorbent flow rates in each case.  Regardless  of  the  SO2 concentration,  the  selective absorption  was successfully  reported  in  all  these  trials,  without  touching  other  components  in  the  flue  gas such as CO2 . The SO2 concentration of the treated flue gas leaving the absorbent column  in  these  series  of  experiments  is  always  well  below  environmental standards of 500 ppm. It  was  observed  that desulfurization  of  flue  gas  for  our  solvent  pilot  operates  at  the  maximum performance at PH of 6, SO2 concentration of 4200 ppm, desorption temperature of  110°C,  and  the  gas  to liquid  ratio  of  375. In  this  study,  we  employed  and simulated the absorption by a unique absorbent, ASH-S100, caused an excellent selective  absorption  of  SO2 from  flue  gas.  We showed that at an optimum condition, ASH-S100 can reduce the amount of SO2 in flue gas from 2400 ppm down to about 270 ppm.

Due  to  the  ever-increasing  cost  of  energy  and  more  stringent  pollution  standards  for atmospheric  emissions,  it  is  desirable  to  improve  absorption  processes  for  the  removal  of carbon dioxide from flue gas. The research needs have been reviewed for CO2 capture from flue gas by aqueous absorption/stripping. A close-looped absorption/stripping pilot plant with 15 cm ID columns was used to capture CO2  using a new blended amine (ASH-S200) solution. Both the absorber and stripper contained 1.5 m of packing.  Various absorber temperature, gas and liquid rates and lean CO2 loadings were tested.  The operating parameter used in this study consisted of the following: (1) the gas flow  rate;  (2)  CO2  mole  fraction  in  feed  gas;  (3)  liquid  flow  rate;  and  (4)  absorber temperature. With the flue gas flow rate of 3 m3/hr, CO2 mole fraction of 10 %, Liquid flow rate of 300ml/min and absorber temperature of 60 °C maximum capture efficiency of CO2was founded, with  the  value  of  95.55%. The percentage contribution of each parameter was also determined. The flue gas flow rate is the most influential parameter for maximum absorption of CO2, and its value of percentage contribution is up to 72.22%. Also mass transfer rate and CO2 solubility obtained  in  this  work  and  then  compared  to  MEA  solvent  data  in  literature values as a base solvent.

The pilot plant for these processes indicates in below figure

 

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Catalytic Cracking Process to Treat Vacuum Residue and Vacuum Gas Oil into light hydrocarbons

 

Catalytic cracking of  petroleum to produce  gasoline began in about  1912.  The early pioneering  work  w a s   carried  out by Eugene Houdry .  Modern fluid  catalytic cracking (FCC)  was  conceived at Exxon and commercially developed in about  1940 using  amorphous  catalysts. Fluid  catalysts  are  small  spherical particles ranging  from  40 to  150μm   in  diameter  with  acid sites capable of cracking  large  petroleum  molecules to  products  boiling  in  the gasoline  range.    One  advantage  of  the  FCC  process is the absence of  the diffusion limitations present  in conventional gas oil cracking due to the small size of  the catalyst  particle.  Since 1964 virtually  all  catalysts contain faujasite,  a stable, large pore,  Y- type  zeolite dispersed in a silica/alumina matrix.  The catalytic  aspects  of  contemporary FCC  processes  have been  reviewed by  Venuto and Habib   41 , Gates,  Katzer.  andSchuit , Magee and Blazek , and Magee .   A more recent update of refinery trends has been made available by Blazek. is sprayed into the riser where  it mixes  with  a  hot  ( 700°C)     catalyst to produce  a reaction  temperature  of  about  550°C.    The vaporization  and cracking of  the oil provide a threefold  volume expansion.   This expansion plus the introduction  of  steam provides a gas flow  that  transports the catalyst  and  oil/gasoline/gas mixture up the riser into a  reactor  zone.   A  series of  cyclones  with steam  stripping disengages the catalyst from the petroleum  products.   The catalyst is then transported to the regenerator  where %  1% carbon  and a small amount of  hydrogen  as hydrocarbon  on the catalyst is burned  off.   The reactions  shown below,  which occur in the regenerator, are exothermic  and produce temperatures of about  700°C  and  a  %  20% steam environment.   Most  of  the steam comes from  burning  hydrogen  derived  from coke or entrained hydrocarbons.

 

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With notice to above explanations we using of novel catalyst ASH-C200 in a fixed bed as modified process in a pilot plant that indicated .It  is the only technology that has been demonstrated to operate on a wide variety of feedstocks, ranging from refining residues to coal, and a mixture of oil and coal. Besides vacuum residues, other feedstocks, such as de-sphalter bottoms, visbroken vacuum residues and thermal tars have been tested in either the Bottrop or Scholven units in iran. Additionally, unconventional feeds such as used lubricant oils, cutting oils, residues from degreasers, used chlorinated solvents, paint sludges, transformer oils (PCBs), spent hydrotreating catalysts, spent activated carbons and recycled plastics have been successfully processed.

Catalytic Cracking Process to converting of polymers and mixed polymers into middle distillate products

Saving and managing fossil energy like crude oil, natural gas or coals have a giant effect  on  the  rate  of  economic  growth  and  without  that  this  rate  would  become unsustainable.  Thus  humans  have  to  rely  on  alternate-  renewable  energy  sources  as biomass,  hydropower,  geothermal  energy,  wind  energy,  solar  energy,  nuclear  energy and so on. On the other hand, waste management might be a strong solution. As modern life  and  cities  growth  every  day  the  amount  of  all  kinds  of  commodities,  which indirectly generate waste. Plastics waste production has been one of the highest amount of wastes to be produced and that due to their versatility and low cost. By considering plastics small life period in use there are vast plastic wastes in the environment, which results  in  serious  environmental  problems.  As  disposal  of  waste  plastics  is  increasing there  is  considerable  demand  for  land  filling.  Advanced  research  in  green  chemistry could  yield  biodegradable/green  polymers  but  at  this  period  of  time  it  is  limited  to substituting the non-biodegradable plastics in variance applications. As degradation of plastics  become  more  standard and developed they can  be used to figure out the best formulations of materials for using in the applications of interest by their performance.. Among  the  alternatives  available  for  now  source  reduction,  reuse,  recycling,  and recovery  of  the  inherent  energy  value  through  waste-to-energy  incineration  and processed fuel applications can be mentioned. Liquid fuel productions would be a giant leap and fantastic alternative as the calorific value of plastics [1]. Pyrolysis is generally defined as the controlled burning or heating of a material in the absence of oxygen. Pyrolysis alongside cracking are two major methods of processing waste plastics into fuels such as Poly olefins. These methods may be categorized as the tertiary  mode  of  recycling.  Using  these  types  of  recycling  is  acceptable  especially  in case of poly olefins As their further use in primary recycling (conversion into products similar  in  nature  to  the  original  product)  and  secondary  recycling  (conversion  into products  of  different  shape  for  less  demanding  products)  is  impossible.  Furthermore, pyrolysis may reduce the landfill required for wastes. The catalysts that is being used should be obtainable on commercial scale and also regenerated back in the end of process, The novel catalyst (ASH-C100) used in ASH company would be cheaper and it also satisfy the mentioned requirements and this catalyst(ASH-C100) suitable for Fixed bed reactors, FCC reactors and Semi-batch reactors , also pilot plant of this process indicates in below figures.

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Managing Plastic Wastes has turned to be one of crucial problems, keeping in mind that liquid fuels can be produced from such materials. The chosen catalyst is a novel catalyst named ASH-C100, which is made and developed in Research Center of  AbadgaranArvandShimi.  The  catalyst  categorizes  in acidic catalyst group, which are suitable for cracking of heavy hydrocarbons.Three  samples  consisting   high-density  polyethylene,   low-density  polyethylene, polypropylene,  polystyrene,  polyvinyl  chloride  and  polyethylene  terephthalate  were picked  and  the  setup  was  designed  for  determining  the  effects  of  temperature  and catalyst/polymer  ration  on  conversion  of  these  samples  into  liquid  fuels, also catalysts ASH-C101 to ASH-C107 compatible for converting single polymers (HDPE, LDPE, PP, Polyolefins, PS, PVC and PET).

Optimization

Operations-focused assessment for short-to-intermediate term improvements

The refining and petrochemical industries are more global, competitive and complex than before and sometimes quick solutions are needed to meet changing demands or regulations. Our Tactical Technology-Integrated Profitability Solutions (TIPS) provide an operations-focused assessment of your refinery’s existing assets to make short-to-intermediate term improvements.  You develop the knowledge to quickly streamline processes, improve throughput and improve profitability with little to no up-front investment.

Optimize Your Hydrogen Network

ASH has successfully led more than 50 hydrogen management projects in the past 15 years. Our proven, four-stepHydrogen Management Services begin with a thorough analysis of your refinery’s hydrogen balance to determine minimum requirements and to identify areas for improvement.

Following the analysis, we examine your refinery’s hydrogen purification units to identify hidden profit potential. We help sustain your benefits through ASH’s H2 network model, which allows ongoing optimization and analysis

Save on Energy Costs & Reduce Emissions

There are multiple opportunities for energy savings and emissions reduction across your operation.  With our experience and advanced process technology, ASH Process Solutions Energy and CO2Management Solutions can help your capture hidden savings by optimizing your operation’s energy efficiency.

With a thorough analysis of your refinery, we can determine opportunities for improvedoperation and control, improved heat recovery, utilities optimization, and better hydrogen and fuel gas management.  For many customers, these solutions enhance throughput, improve product quality, maximize equipment performance and increase annual profit by millions.

Once energy optimization has been realized, we employ technology solutions to sustain the benefits and even increase performance over time.

Benchmark and Improve Your Process Units

ASH uses proprietary tools to compare the critical processes of your operation to industry benchmarks and determine areas for improvement such as: throughput, yields, operational practices, process technology implementation and catalyst loadings.

Using your historic data, ASH creates a virtual model of your plant and key equipment, which allows us to consider the technical limits of your equipment as we test various configurations. The outcome is solutions that help you unlock the value of existing process technology, increase capacity for higher-margin products, reduce bottlenecks, and integrate idle units into the flow scheme and more.

Long-term solutions for optimal configuration and output

The refining industry continues to evolve, resulting in constant change in the desired product mix and specifications, and crude availability and characteristics. There has also been pressure to improve efficiency and operate more cleanly.  To ensure optimal configuration and output from your plant, planning 5-10 years in advance is essential. Our Strategic Technology-Integrated Profitability Solutions (TIPS) apply our understanding of refinery operations to help you develop long-term solutions and a vision for the future.

Enhance Your Configuration

ASH’s configuration studies allow you to evaluate and configure your refinery’s shift to higher value products, new crude slate options, increased diesel production and more.

Our configuration studies use state-of-the-art Linear Program (LP) modeling skills, proprietary process models, and quantitative risk and decision-analysis techniques to develop configuration plans that enable you to maximize profitability while minimizing investment risk.  ASH can help analyze and improve your existing LP to obtain optimum predictions of unit capabilities and effectively evaluate processing options and conditions.  Our process is well-proven, with over 100 studies successfully completed over the past decade.

Whatever the scope, our studies explore a range of possible options to determine the best fit for your business objectives, existing equipment and environment.

Engineering Scoping

ASH has experience analyzing existing operating units and creating options for revamps with the objective of “sweating” the operational assets.

We do this by engaging our process and equipment experts in studies of varying complexities, consistent with your business goals.  Our engineering and technical services experts will outline an array of ASH engineering study options for you to determine those most appropriate for your refinery.

Ongoing Operations

Maintain safety and reliability while increasing profitability

ASH Plant Operations Support keeps your process units operating profitably, reliably and safely. Our experts complete the transfer of ASH technology, support your start-up activities and provide troubleshooting expertise and technical backup.

  • Process Technology Analysis & Support to review your operations for optimal process and catalyst performance. ASH Technology Services is composed of highly skilled engineers and scientists who have both depth and breadth of knowledge in the refining and petrochemicals industry. Our experts combine deep knowledge of specific process technologies with expert general knowledge of the overall refining industry and the interactions between different technologies within the facility.
  • Analytical Support for on-site or remote analysis of your processes for optimal performance.
  • Operations Monitoring through the ASHOpAware system for remote, real-time collaboration with ASH technical specialists to maximize on-stream performance and profitability.

 

Avoid downtime

Avoid downtime through equipment inspection during planned turn-around or unexpected shutdowns. ASH’s highly qualified team of inspectors provide practical advice to augment your inspection plan. You will see increased mechanical integrity and quicker process knowledge transfer in your plant when working with ASH.

  • Inspection Services help you avoid downtime and maximize your operating efficiency by identifying potential asset issues, plan cost-effective maintenance schedules and provide assessments of your key equipment and processes. ASH maintains a worldwide inspection services group to help our customers consistently execute high quality inspection programs that can help maximize process unit safety, reliability, availability and profitability. Our highly trained, experienced and certified inspection engineers assist in equipment field inspection during planned turnarounds, fit for service inspections after incidents, shop inspection, and inspection planning and training.
  • Metallurgy Support including a world-class metallurgical laboratory for failure analysis, material characterization, materials selection, fitness for service evaluations and remaining-life analysis.
  • Mechanical Engineering Support including basic and detailed designs, facilitate fabrication, delivery to site and plant erection support. Our engineering designs work with our technology to help ensure operation at the highest level of performance.
  • Equipment Reliability Assessments optimize life-cycle costs and minimize repair and start-up costs with proactive maintenance, operator-led reliability, corrosion control, design improvements and performance monitoring.
  • Turn-around Services are focused on turning opportunities into reality. The objective is to help you be well prepared for the next turnaround to help you focus on repairs and upgrades that will lead to safer, more reliable operations with improved performance.
  • Fired Heater Assessments improve heater efficiency and safety by identifying operational opportunities in your heaters.

Build employee skills for safe and effective operations

Training is an integral part of ASH’s technology delivery and knowledge transfer process. Successful operation of refineries and petrochemical plants depends on having well-trained personnel to operate and maintain the various process units. ASH provides training and development programs to the refining, petrochemical and gas processing industries.

Our courses are offered on-site or online, whichever best fits your operational or budgetary needs. Our course material has been developed following modern instructional design criteria and our instructors are well versed in adult education techniques. Our standard courses focus on operating licensed process technologies, refinery and process unit design, operations optimization, and specialized equipment operation.

In addition to more traditional training opportunities ASH also offers customized training programs based on the specific needs of your refining or petrochemicals organization. These programs are developed in conjunction with refinery personnel and can run from weeks to months in duration for as few as one person to hundreds of employees.

Our training courses include:

  • Engineering design seminars
  • Process technology training
  • Simulation-based troubleshooting
  • Engineering and technical service residency programs
  • Equipment inspection training
  • Operational workshops

Design

Evaluation and Recommendations of Refinery Configurations

Evaluate and configure your refinery’s shift to higher value products, naphtha or aromatics vs. gasoline production, new crude slate options or increased diesel production options.

ASH’s complex configuration studies use state-of-the-art modeling skills, proprietary process models, and quantitative risk and decision-analysis techniques to develop configuration plans that enable you to maximize profitability while minimizing investment risk. ASH’s knowledge and experience regarding hydrocarbon processing options guarantee that our solutions are optimized from every important aspect including economic return, operability, and the flexibility to deal with future changes in your facility’s feed or product slate.

Our refinery configuration studies will help you develop optimal solutions to such complex issues as bottom-of-barrel upgrading, refinery/petrochemical integration, clean fuels production, facility expansions, grassroots complex planning, and gas processing complex planning.

Engineering Design for a State-of-the-Art Complex

When designing a new state-of-the-art refinery or planning for the revamp of an existing site, ASH Engineering Services help you look ahead to ensure your plant and equipment will meet the feed, products and regulatory challenges of the future.

ASH engineering services can help you create a refinery configuration that is both relevant and optimized. Our processes incorporate proprietary tools to execute even your most complex project, and we support technology transfer to your staff.

Decades of experience across a wide variety of process technologies have provided ASH designs with longevity and versatility. The design specifications contained in the Schedule Aare founded on process simulations backed up by ASH’s vast R&D expertise, and are continually updated based on field data from our thousands of operating process units around the world.

We continue to invest in tools, training, and work process improvements to ensure that the Schedule A remains the world’s leading basic engineering design package.

When transferring technology to our clients, ASH is committed to delivering the highest quality products. ASH not only designs new units, but can optimize the revamp of your complex with revamp studies ranging from scoping studies, feasibility studies, and engineering design.

Commissioning

Knowledge transfer opportunities for optimum start-up and on-going operations

ASH has been providing training and development programs to the refining, petrochemical and gas processing industries for decades. Our courses and tools focus on developing the skills of your operators and process engineers to improve your profitability, assure safe operations, optimize unit operation and respond to emergency situations when they occur.

Technical Training is an integral part of ASH’s technology delivery and knowledge transfer process. ASH works with customers to define multi-year, enhancement programs for your staff using state of the art learning tools such as web-based training, process unit simulators and troubleshooting tools, as well as instructor-led training to ensure your workforce is prepared for any challenge.

Technical expertise at your fingertips.

ASH offers a complete suite of on-site field services to provide you with the support you need to get your unit up and running and to keep it that way.

  • Check-out & Commissioning includes on-site start-up, commissioning and test-run support to ensure unit construction meets design specifications for on time, on budget and on spec production.
  • Catalyst Support ensures that your catalyst loadings are handled properly and loaded to ASH’s standards. ASH’s dense loading technology has been widely used to increase operating severity, cycle length, and throughput.
  • Adsorbent support, available globally, enables our support engineers to be on-site, offering functional process design to maximize the efficiency of our adsorbents. Field start-up assistance also ensures quick and effective implementation of our adsorbents. Our technical support staff can also provide performance evaluations to facilitate preventive action and troubleshooting services to proactively diagnose problems.
  • Troubleshooting for on-site or remote monitoring for safe and economical operations.
  • Inspection Services to avoid downtime through equipment inspection during plant fabrication and unit start-up.
  • Metallurgy Support including a world-class metallurgical laboratory and access to experts who support materials selection, material characterization, failure analyses, and fitness for service evaluations.
  • Mechanical Engineering Support with ASH engineers providing basic and detailed designs. Our team facilitates fabrication, delivery and erection, and we design products to be used in our licensed technology to help ensure operation at the highest level of performance.

Catalysts

ASH-C Catalysts: Innovating at the Speed of Business

As processing industries change at more rapid rates than ever before, ASH keeps up with your business needs. Meet the increasingly complex set of challenges for the refining and petrochemical industries head on with ASH’s streamlined development techniques. We develop new catalysts faster and more efficiently – catalysts that are designed to meet today’s challenges and anticipate the challenges of tomorrow. We invest in the necessary research and development to make sure that your business runs smoothly and your profits grow. Using ASH catalysts gives you the flexibility to process different feedstock’s helping you deliver whatever shifting demands dictate. You can reduce your operating expenses and pass more stringent regulations with our catalysts specifically developed for petrochemical processes. The ASH breakthrough in zeolite catalysts vastly improved process economics for many primary petrochemical building blocks. ASH continues to make advances in catalysts every day to improve your product quality and optimize your operation.

Catalyst for converting plastic wastes into middle distillate products

FeedCatalyst
Mixed Polymers ASH-C100
High Density Poly Ethylene (HDPE) ASH-C101
Low Density Poly Ethylene (LDPE) ASH-C102
Poly Propylene (PP) ASH-C103
Polyolefins (HDPE+LDPE+PP) ASH-C104
Poly Styrene (PS) ASH-C105
Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) ASH-C106
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) ASH-C107
Catalyst for converting heavy vacuum gas oil into light hydrocarbons
HVGO ASH-C200
Catalyst for change of API in crude oil from 10 to 30
Crude oil ASH-C300

 

Recycling material is one of the important environmental agenda defined in 3R. Instead of simply reusing the material as it is, successful chemical reusing is a more effective way reducing the use of natural resources and environmental damage incurred thereof. We would like to draw your attention to our new process and a pertinent effective plant which successfully converts plastic wastes into wax-free hydrocarbon such as naphtha and diesel oil.

 

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Special features

[1] Possible to crack mixture of plastics (PP/PE/PS) which are difficult for mechanical recycle

Small impurities such as sand, dirt and metal are processable.

[2] 100kg waste plastics can be converted into max. 100L cracked oil
(up to input materials) Yield is 86% in case of mixture of PP, PE, PS

[3] No solidification even under low temperature (WAX-FREE)

[4]  Low residual chlorine (below 100ppm), even if 10% of PVC is mixed

[5] Simple oil-converting process; continuous operation for max. 5 days

[6] Oil of good quality derived (high percentage of light oil “Naphtha, diesel, kerosene”)

[7] Low running cost (using cheap catalyst ASH-C100)

 

Comparison with ordinary waste-to-fuel method

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Property table of cracked oil using RTP

 

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Q.1 Features of this plant?
A:
Our new breakthrough oil conversion plant is quite different from the ordinary one. We call this “Continuous waste plastic catalytic cracking oil production” plant. It can operate continuously until the activity of catalyst decreases the activity can be reactivated by burning off the deposited coke. With its unique system, high performance with low production cost is achieved. Our plant size is smaller than ordinary types.

Q.2 processing capacity?
A:
Processing ability: max. 4,800kg/day (RTP-200),max. 9,600kg/day (RTP-400)
Maximum operating time: 5 days straight without catalyst exchange
Residue clean up and catalyst exchange: every 5 days
(Possible for 1-month non-stop operation at a maximumby adopting a new way of continuous catalyst exchange.)

Q3. How does it process? 
A:
(1) Crushed plastics (less than 15 mm size) are fed into the hopper on the top of the plant.
(2) Plastics are sent to the reactor through the vertical pipes controlled by several valves without melting.
(3) Plastics are rapidly heated to 400-450Ž by catalyst for gasification.
(4) Cracked gas goes to the condensers and turned into naphtha,diesel oil and heavy oil. Those are stored in separate tanks.
(5) Off gas can be used as combustion fuel for heating the reactor.

Q.4 What’s different from the popular method?
A:
There are more than 20 makers of waste-plastics-to-oil conversion plant in Japan. Most of them are non-catalyst batch system. The batch system has low thermal efficiency, because the reactor should be cooled off in every batch for safety reasons.
Unlike the batch system, our new method allows 5 days continuous operation with high yield of cracked oil.

Q.5 Safety and environmental issue?
A:
(1) Chlorine gas from PVC (Polyvinyl Chlorine) can be neutralized and eliminated by a neutralizer, thus the chlorine density in the cracked oil is controlled below 100 ppm.
(2) Off gas and its odor does not influence the atmosphere because off-gas is used as combustion fuel for heating the reactor. (3) No special considerations are required for reducing noise and vibration generated from the plant because of its structural arrangement.
(4) Cooling water doesn’t get contaminated since it is used cyclicality only, so it can be discharged directly to the sewers without any treatment.
(6) The hot air from the blower is not contaminated and can be released directly into the atmosphere.

Business benefits by adopting our product

1. Achievement of zero emission recycle initiative
2. Cost reduction in incineration/disposal landfill of waste plastics
3. New profitable business in selling of cracked oil as product

 

Vacuum Gas Oil Conversion

FCC, Unicracking, and VGO Unionfining processes are the keys to cost-effective upgrading of Vacuum Gas Oil.

These treating and conversion technologies, used alone or more typically in combination, can produce a wide range of diesel/gasoline ratios while meeting stringent product specifications. Feedstock blends of VGO and deasphalted oil, coker gas oils, and residue hydroprocessing products can also be effectively upgraded to further increase net fuel oil conversion.

Unmatched experience combined with continuous innovation

 

The ASH FCC process with using catalyst ASH-C200 can help you achieve your refining and petrochemical objectives by converting straight-run atmospheric gas oils, vacuum gas oils, certain atmospheric residues and heavy stocks recovered from other refinery operations into high-octane gasoline, light fuel oils and olefin-rich light gases like propylene for petrochemical use and butenes needed for the alkylation process.

ASH first developed FCC technology in the 1940s, but we continue to evolve this technology focusing on continuous process-design innovation. Many of today’s state-of-the-art FCC units utilize advanced technologies to enhance catalytic cracking and reduce thermal cracking for significantly higher yields of desired products.

Technology: Upstream

ASH-C300 is a novel, catalytic process that offers the disruptive ability to upgrade heavy-sour crude oil, providing an increase in value as high as 5% -30%. ASH-C300 is an innovative leap in upgrading technology that operates at much lower costs than existing upgrading processes. Because ASH-C300 has a small footprint, oil producers can field upgrade heavy-sour oil while drastically improving their economics. ASH-C300 has been proven to be effective on many heavy-sour crude oils as well as bitumen and coal liquefaction product.

Increase API gravity. Increasing API gravity can increase the value of a crude by 5% to 30%. For example, raising oil sands bitumen API from 10 to 20 eliminates the need for diluent and can provide a revenue boost of $10-$20/bbl. Other heavy crudes will see benefits closer to the 5%-10% range.

Sulfur Reduction. Sulfur levels above 1% get discounted 2%-5% depending on many factors including sulfur level. ASH-C300  can target and achieve specific sulfur levels depending on the desired quality of crude oil, increasing the overall value of the oil.

TAN Reduction. For heavy-sour feeds that have naphthenic acid levels in the 3%-4% range, producers are forced to sell their crude at a discounted rate. Removing TAN not only increases value but allows crudes to be sold to a larger portion of the refinery market, not just complex refineries that are able to process high TAN.

Metals and nitrogen reduction. Crude with high metals and nitrogen content is discounted along with other entrained contaminants. While the life of the ASH-C300 catalyst is not reduced by contact with these heteroatoms, metals and nitrogen have an adverse effect on other catalytic processes downstream. ASH-C300 treated crude oil will allow the refiners to achieve longer catalyst life and reduced process intensity, thus increasing the value of the crude oil.